The waist-hip ratio (I.C.C.) It is a simple method, approved within a central obesity, It used to diagnose what is defined as “metabolic syndrome”. A specialist teaches us to calculate.
There are many ways to define obesity and overweight. The most common is that clinical doctors and nutritionists in his office, meter circle by Body Mass Index (I.M.C.), correlating weight to height. Less known, but fuller, It is the waist-hip ratio (I.C.C).
El I.C.C. It gives an assessment to diagnose metabolic syndrome, formed by obesity, la diabetes tipo II, hypertension and dyslipidemia (cholesterol disorders). According to the World Health Organization, syndrome “It is the main risk factor for cardiovascular disease, resulting in a decrease in early mortality or life expectancy ".
For all this, It is required to treat obesity as a disease and stop seeing it as an aesthetic feature. Who is convinced that's ladoctora Gabriela Tortolo, specialist in obesity and metabolic syndrome La Posada del Qenti. We exchanged with her a few questions on the subject.
¿El I.C.C. It is the best method to measure obesity and overweight?
The waist-hip ratio is the only method that can today give us a pattern of cardiac risk in a central obesity. Not better or worse, but the only (in the simplest) to include a person with a I.C.C. altered in obesity / overweight.
Can you measure at home or have to do it in an office?
It can be measured at home. The waist-hip ratio is calculated by dividing the result of measuring the waist circumference at the height of the last floating rib between the result of measuring the waist circumference at the level of the buttocks.
What are the benchmarks?
Women, a normal result that does not involve risks should range between 0.71 and 0.85 cm. In men, the result should be between 0.78 and 0.94 cm. Higher values indicate obesity abdominovisceral, implying a risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
A simple vista, Do women with wide hips should care? How much it is normal and what is excessive?
The only people who have wide hips and thighs, but torso and tiny waist, They have gynoid obesity (known as “pear shaped”). It is another type of obesity, unless it is combined with central obesity, It does not lead to disorders as does central obesity. When we talk about hips, there is no standard measure. Just dealing with some physical activity specified and beauty treatments, for the person to achieve acceptance of their physical forms.
To remove the extra kilos, many people try to follow diets or homemade “magic” that lead (and again) frustration. Against all this, What would the serious and effective treatment for obesity?
Treatment should be multi and interdisciplinary. With strict management in the control of food choice, and its cooking, using little or no refined sugars, the use of whole grains in bread, pastes. And, course, no added sodium salt. There must be a personalized nutritional control, if possible, Clinical and follow obesológico. The patient should have the necessary psychological support and stress management, with support from physiotherapists and physical education professionals. Everything has to be handled individually.
Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo – MP. 24052
Specialist in obesity and metabolic syndrome
La Posada del Qenti