Restrictive diets, indicated for the treatment of overweight and obesity, They are very strict caloric limitations, often do not quite meet the needs of several essential nutrients and sustained for long periods, end up generating adaptive metabolic responses by the body, such as decreased basal metabolism (It is the minimum energy for essential metabolic functions), going to work the body "saving", versus lower energy input.

Dieta-restrictiva

For this reason, after steady and often several initial kilos, It is very difficult to sustain. Added to this we see that the sudden and rapid descents alter the composition of the decline, losing as much lean tissue (loss of muscle mass that contributes to descend further basal metabolism).

This type of diet leads to greater anxiety and stress that are often causes of overweight, and are taken as "Something I make time, After all I'll be able to eat like I did before ", for it both in leading to change the behavior habits.

The energy caloric deficit can generate symptoms of tiredness or fatigue and difficulty to start with a good physical activity program, that would be the ideal behavior to be implemented to not only contribute to fat burning; but also to maintain and / or increase muscle mass.

This type of diet can often meet the expectations of many patients who come seeking magical results, objectives only with the simple drop weight at any cost, but neglect the broader objective must have a serious and definitive approach to this disease include continuous learning how to change their behavior or way of eating into your daily life, at work and at social gatherings. Also generate a change in physical activity performed; that will not only allow simple drop weight, but you can keep these declines and adopt a moderate power, balanced, deficit without any nutrients to reach your best weight and also to improve, correct or prevent disease most often associated with overweight and hypertension are, dislipidemia (alteration of cholesterol and other lipids), higher risk of diabetes, Sleep apneas, psychosocial problems such as anxiety disorders, depression and low self-esteem.

The best we can do for our patients is to educate them and teach them the strategies to be implemented in the process of changing habits, for this to be who adopt an attitude of self that allows achieving and maintaining a healthy weight.

 

Pull. Rosana Viscovig

Medical Nutritionist.

La Posada del Qenti

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