Young adults who leave their bad health habits can reduce your risk of heart disease as they age, ailment new research suggests.
“Even after people have reached adulthood with some unhealthy behaviors, prescription it's never too late to produce a profit for your heart if you change those behaviors”, said study author, Bonnie Spring, health psychologist and professor of preventive medicine at the Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University.
“Conversely, if not keep their behavior a healthy lifestyle, and lose some, observe adverse effects in their coronary arteries, which increases the risk of heart disease”, advirtió Spring.
Although many studies have shown that unhealthy behaviors are linked to heart problems, fewer studies have looked at whether changing bad habits could have a good effect, scored.
The general opinion is that people do not change, Spring added. Found that this is not always true, and that the change posed a difference.
“The important thing is that if it has reached adulthood and has an unhealthy lifestyle, no one is condemned to suffer from heart disease”, aseguró Spring. “If you make healthy changes, You can reduce the risk”.
The Spring team continued health behaviors over 3,500 men and women enrolled in the study development of coronary artery disease risk in young adults (CARDIA, for its acronym in English). The researchers assessed participants at ages 18 a 30 age, and again 20 years later, seeking changes to predict heart disease, and calcification of blood vessels.
Researchers observed five healthy habits: not overweight, not smoking, be physically active, have a low alcohol intake and a healthy diet (what is defined as a diet low in fat and high in calcium, fiber and potassium).
At baseline, less than 10 percent of young men and women reported they meet the five healthy habits. Eventually, the 25 percent of men and women made healthy changes in lifestyle. Around 35 percent remained the same with respect to health habits, and 40 percent had less healthy habits over time.
The more healthy habits were added, lower was the risk of heart disease, the researchers found. “We can not say that there is causality”, bye Spring, because the study only found an association between the two.
But the more healthy habits were added, the lower the risk of finding early signs of heart problems, explained. While most were discarded, the greater the risk.
For example, which maintained the same habits over the 20 years had a risk of nearly 20 percent of presenting early signs of heart disease in the twentieth year of the study. Those who ruled three or four healthy habits had a risk of a 32 percent of presenting early signs of heart disease. And they added three or four healthy habits reduced the risk to just 5 percent.
What to do first? The two habits with the greatest effect were maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking, bye Spring.
These two habits could have shown the greatest effect simply because they are easier to measure, planteó Spring. Even so, suggested that these two habits are a good starting point.
The study appears in the edition of 1 July Circulation and was funded by the National Institutes of Health U.S.. UU.
One expert noted that the study shows that lifestyle choices made in early adulthood may make all the difference.
“This new study provides new information on how changes in lifestyle among 18 and 30 influence next years 20 years old”, commented Dr.. Gregg Fonarow, professor of cardiovascular medicine and science for the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles.
Although research has shown that unhealthy habits increase the risk of heart problems, apuntó Fonarow, “has not been well studied to determine how changes in lifestyle in early adulthood impact on the subsequent development of atherosclerosis [hardening of the arteries] and cardiovascular risk”.
Findings, said, “suggest that it is never too soon to adopt a healthy lifestyle, and that even the bad beginning can reverse cardiovascular risk style options to choose favorable living in early adulthood”.
HealthDay, translated by Hispanicare
SOURCES: Bonnie Spring, Ph.D., professor, preventive medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago; Gregg Fonarow, M.D., Eliot Corday Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine and Science, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles; July 1, 2014, Circulation.