In our body, glucose levels stimulate the pancreas to release a hormone called insulin. This sends signals to liver cells, muscle and adipose tissue, are receptive of glucose for energy production. Insulin resistance may be a genetic condition or acquired, which results in an abnormality in the uptake, metabolism or storage of glucose.
Some of the factors that favor its appearance are generated weight gain, and especially abdominal circumference, sedentary lifestyle and increased blood pressure. Furthermore the alteration lipidia, (accumulation of free fatty acids in liver, which blocks the arrival of the insulin that reaches it from the pancreas). Changes in blood lipids ("fats" blood), change in the size of fat cells (decreasing action impolicy), etc..
These factors will generate insulin resistance, then the cells do not incorporate glucose and this begins to accumulate in the bloodstream; It is generating an exaggerated insulin secretion by the pancreas (hyper-insulinismo), unable to use.
On the other hand our cells can not get glucose then do not feed, we are more tired and also with an increased appetite. Throughout this hyperglycemia leads to a failure of the pancreatic beta islets cover insulin requirements in the various tissues which can result in some patients in a Diabetes type 2.
How do I protect myself?
There are 3 key points to control insulin resistance:
- Physical activity. It is far greater potential to reduce insulin resistance. To this should be regular and scheduled, according to the needs of the person.
- The balanced diet. A good combination of carbohydrates, stands and proteins, It reduces the requirement in insulin secretion.
- weight down. It increases the effectiveness of peripheral insulin.
Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo - MP. 24052
Specialist metabolic syndrome
La Posada del Qenti