Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by a permanent increase in sugar (glucose) blood above the normal value (blood sugar increase: hyperglycemia). To achieve adequate control of blood glucose levels (glycemia), more about People with diabetes need ongoing treatment and long-term.
- Person with diabetes… Basal glucose levels (Fasting venous blood) = Or > a 126 Mg / dl
- People without diabetes…..Basal glucose levels: 75-100 mg / dl
- People most at risk of developing diabetes………..Basal glucose levels: 100-125 mg / dl
Why diabetes occurs?
Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose in the digestive. Glucose is absorbed into the blood, where the body's cells for energy use. Insulin is a substance produced in the pancreas (especially when we eat) and allows the sugar or glucose to enter cells.
Diabetes is caused by lack of insulin secretion by the pancreas and / or decreased effect, causing an increase in blood sugar levels.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
When glucose levels are too high, usually no symptoms, hence silent disease progression up 10-12 years old.
The very high levels of glucose (over 250 mg / dl) and the efforts of the body to remove excess sugar causes the characteristic symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes:
- Striking increase in thirst (polydipsia), appetite (polyphagia) urination and removed throughout the day (polyuria).
- Difficulty in wound healing.
- Tiring easily, yet intense physical work (asthenia).
- Sexual dysfunction.
The longer it stays elevated blood glucose, greater the number of late complications affecting the eyes may appear, kidneys, and nerves. The symptoms and late complications can be avoided by proper treatment of diabetes!
The dangers of permanent hyperglycemia (poorly controlled diabetes):
It can affect: eye - Heart - kidneys - feet - Brain
Types of diabetes:
There are two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2 Most people with this disease have the type 2 and only one of each type possess ten 1
- The pancreas of people with diabetes of this type do not produce their own insulin.
- It usually begins in childhood, adolescence, although it can occur at any age.
- These individuals require insulin to live. Usually presented in a
- sharp: thirst, Increasing the amount of urine, fatigue, weight loss despite
- eat a lot.
- Represents the 90% Types of diabetes, and often after 30 years old.
- Usually does not inconvenience the early.
- They tend to be other cases in the family.
- Is due to insufficient production of insulin and effectiveness.
- It is often accompanied by increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels and obesity
- (especially abdominal).
- Onset diabetes in pregnancy.
General strategies for treatment and prevention
For a person with diabetes is important:
- Glycemic control (sugar level in the blood).
- Weight control, balanced diet based on, varied and controlled consumption
- carbohydrates, both in quantity and distribution. Increase intake
- fruits and vegetables and reduced fat intake.
- Control of blood pressure
- Control fats, both blood (cholesterol and triglycerides), as in food.
- No smoking.
- Regular physical activity.
Currently diabetes type 1 can not effectively prevent.
To avoid the aforementioned complications appear is needed self-monitoring blood glucose.
Pillars of treatment: Education - Balanced Power - Physical Activity
Pillars of treatment:
Education - Balanced Power - Physical Activity