IBS or irritable bowel syndrome, is a chronic relapsing, alternating with periods completely asymptomatic junto a frequent relapses. Characterized by the presence of abdominal pain and / or changes in bowel habits (diarrhea and / or constipation), accompanied by a feeling of bloating, without an organic or functional impairment is demonstrated in the intestine.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome shows a clear preference for women, usually appears before the 35 years old, decreasing incidence from the 60 years old. It is attributed to the presence of motility and / or digestive sensitivity, influenced by psychological factors. It is up to a subsequent diagnosis correct and complete medical examination including conducting a thorough history (is necessary to know complete personal history as a lifestyle, type of power, grated stress, current emotional state, etc.) And a complete physical examination to diagnose it, which lead to several additional tests to rule out the existence of organic disease (diagnosis by exclusion). These additional tests we can include general and specific blood tests, urine and feces, radiographic studies of the abdomen with and without contrast, abdominal ultrasound and colonoscopy.
The causes that have been identified that affect the incidence of symptoms in Irritable Bowel Syndrome are:
- Excessive consumption of coffee (replaced by herbal tea or malt).
- The hasty intake, abundant and associated with other activities such as talking, discuss, smoke. So eat slowly, chew food, leave the cutlery on the table after each bite. Moderate meals is recommended in quantity and frequent.
- Excessive intake of spicy and fried. (Prefer to season with herbs: basil, thyme, laurel, oregano, sage and prefer baking, broiled or grilled, microonda or to Vapor, avoid fried foods).
- Avoid temporarily during symptomatic periods those foods and beverages that trigger or worsen symptoms such as fast food, Excess simple carbohydrates like sugar absorption, flour (disminuir consumption of simple folders, pizzas, tarts 2 tapas, excess bakery), glucocarbonatadas drinks like soda or beer and sprouts and cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower.
It is also critical, acquire habits or behaviors that help prevent chronic stress, how to organize daily activities to avoid generating a lot of stress apurones, avoid smoking and excessive stimulants like coffee, regular physical activity for keeping the body healthy, alternating with relaxation practices such as yoga, meditation or relaxation techniques.
It is essential that the healthcare provide adequate and understandable information about the features of this condition, especially its chronicity and the benign prognosis of the same, without downplaying the inconvenience as the symptoms are real and affect the quality of life of those who suffer this disease.
Pull. Rosana Viscovig
La Posada del Qenti