The National University of Litoral (UNL) conducted a survey among students about their knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases. Only a 30% could name four or more venereal diseases. AIDS and syphilis are the most popular.
For the World Health Organization (WHO) there 25 Types of STDs (ETS) bacteria that are transmitted by (syphilis), story mushrooms (candidiasis), dosage virus (herpes, sildenafil HIV), vermin (Crabs) and protozoa (Chlamydia and mycoplasma). However, according to data from a survey by The auditorium at 120 students from the Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL), young people could only mention 11, while the 70% could not recognize at least four types of STDs. All the students recognized the HIV and 67,8% mentioned syphilis.
Regarding the management of information, experts say, a fundamental issue-, the 42% of respondents do not care about learn about the various STDs, its symptoms and ways to prevent. But also, a disturbing and very high 80% analysis is not performed periodic medical screening of STDs. The result: young people have insufficient or erroneous data that leads to point, for example, that seborrhea, toxoplasmosis or tuberculosis are STDs, or contraception such as IUDs or pills are used to prevent the spread of STDs.
Lack of information.
During the last decade, the spread of STDs worldwide increased. According to the Pan American Health Organization (OPS), the increase is not only from the lack of prevention and sex education in developing countries, but also because of the increasingly early onset of sexual intercourse.
"The important thing is to have the correct information and knowledge to process: the issue of sexuality is far more profound than what it says a brochure. Moreover if we consider that the biggest problems we're detecting STDs in boys and girls 12 years ", explained Dr.. Carlos Piva and Mario Amin, Hospital specialists J STD. M. Cullen. "The sexual life onset is earlier and earlier, and information you have teens or his ability to understand, decreases ".
Although the 7% of respondents believe "know much about AIDS" and 64% considered to be "sufficiently informed", a 28% recognizes "know little" about. However, Dr. Alberto Lichieri, responsible for the Health of the UNL, states that students "manage information on HIV, but have little data on other STDs ".
In the world of technology, the speed and movement of data, is striking misinformation about sexual education. As indicated in the survey, only 4% youth turns to his family environment for information and 15% his friends. At the far end, the media are a major source of information (33%), followed by the school (29%).
Despite its importance in preventing the spread of STDs, of the 120 young people consulted, only one admitted to using information as a preventive. "Failure family, School and the University. And there is no educational campaigns by the state ", Piva and Amin added. Meanwhile, Lichiere admits that "the friends handle the same information or have incorrect data and with respect to the media have to see what they point. Language is not the same for all people ".
According to Piva and Amin, "Prevention of education and leads to the use of condoms". However, although a condom was found to be the preventive method most used by respondents (59%), professionals consulted not always agree that the use of this method is successful. "Not every use, and when used, many do evil ", Lichieri said, adding that "we always say that condoms should be placed at the beginning of the relationship and not in the time before ejaculation".
While, reality in the office confirmed the statistics and trends. "The large increase in syphilis cases in the past five years, especially in pregnant, is a warning, because it indicates that people do not care and is also more exposed to AIDS ", said Dr. Jorge Roldan, Head of the Laboratory of the Department of Health of the UNL.
Source: UNL Institutional Press