A heat wave that left historical records announces a summer where more than ever we need to take preventive measures to avoid the damaging effects of heat on health. “La Posada del Qenti " recommends the most important measures to take account.
Heat stroke is the situation caused by the dangerous rise in body temperature in a relatively short period of time. This situation may represent life-threatening and require emergency medical care. With the arrival of summer and high temperatures associated, physician is necessary to consider a number of recommendations and extreme care to avoid this situation.
"The sharp increase in body temperature , capsule called hyperthermia, It may occur in situations such as direct sunlight or heat stroke, usually associated with prolonged exposure at peak hours between 11 am -17 hs and exercise or physical exertion pronounced being exposed to very hot environments " explains Dr.. Rosana Viscovig – Medical Nutritionist (MP: 27.742/2 ME: 13.164).
In the latter case, It is characterized by loss of fluids and salts associated with non replacement thereof, Typical are those that can appear laborers or athletes not adequately replenish their losses.
"Anyone can be a victim of heat stroke, however it should be especially careful with babies and children under one year since your body is less able to regulate its temperature, especially when you have a fever or diarrhea from other causes " indicates the specialist. Also constitute a vulnerable group of people with chronic diseases such as heart disease, renal or neurological and usually take diuretics, because with the heat even more fluids and electrolytes lost through sweat. "In the case of the elderly, advanced age reduces the ability to cope with high temperatures, especially if they are in poorly ventilated " adds.
Among the most important to detect symptoms of heat stroke are:
- Nausea and dizziness
- Sweating to the top, with subsequent lack of sweat.
- Redness and dry skin.
- Fiebre with bad body temperature of 39.4 º (reaching the 40 y 41º).
- Fast heartbeat weak heartbeat.
- Muscle cramps.
- Feeling of exhaustion, the fatigue Weakness.
- Confusion and disorientation to more advanced degree of alteration of consciousness.
- For young children reddened skin, hot and dry, irritability, llanto inconsolable
Of being in the presence of a person who is suffering heat stroke, It must immediately move it to a cool spot in the shade and place your feet up as continuing the sun the temperature would not fall and could even rise further. "Do not try to feed liquids if the person is unconscious –advierte Viscovig – Decrease body temperature by placing wet with cold water or ice tea or underarm English. For fast recovery does not occur, body temperature does not drop, presents the weak pulse is known to suffer from heart diseases requesting medical attention immediately ".
Remember that it is always the best prevention tool, therefore it is important to anticipate with minimal care compared to the high temperatures in this season, through measures to promote the body's cooling mechanisms and also ensure good hydration status.
"It is desirable to increase fluid intake throughout the day (no alcohol, coffee, caffeinated beverages, or soft drinks to replace water), consuming foods with high water content such as fruits and vegetables, avoid excessive sun exposure and especially in times of noon " recommended Viscovig.
On the other hand there avoid strenuous exercise in hours or extreme heat environments, wear light clothing that allows perspiration, cooling the primary mechanism of our body. "You have to anticipate thirst and offer frequently especially children and the elderly mainly water and natural fruit juices" Concludes specialist.