When work is synonymous with stress

When work is synonymous with stress

The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Work stress as a serious problem, and therefore it has developed some concepts and recommendations to remedy this situation. Se considera que el estrés laboral afecta negativamente a la salud psicológica y física de los trabajadores, y a la eficacia de las entidades para las que trabajan. Un trabajador estresado suele ser más enfermizo, estar poco motivado, ser menos productivo y tener menos seguridad laboral; also, la entidad para la que trabaja suele tener peores perspectivas de éxito en un mercado competitivo.

¿Que es el estrés laboral?

La OMS considera que: “El estrés laboral es la reacción que puede tener el individuo ante exigencias y presiones laborales que no se ajustan a sus conocimientos y capacidades, y que ponen a prueba su capacidad para afrontar la situación”.

En términos generales, un trabajo saludable es aquel en que la presión sobre el empleado se corresponde con sus capacidades y recursos, el grado de control que ejerce sobre su actividad y el apoyo que recibe de las personas que son importantes para él. Dado que la salud es un estado de completo bienestar físico, mental and social, y no solamente la ausencia de afecciones o enfermedades, (WHO, 1986), un entorno laboral saludable no es ̇nicamente aquel en que hay ausencia de circunstancias perjudiciales, sino abundancia de factores que promueven la salud.

¿Que puede generar en las personas sometidas al mismo?

  • Estar cada vez más angustiado e irritable
  • Ser incapaz de relajarse o concentrarse
  • Tener dificultades para pensar con lógica y tomar decisiones
  • Disfrutar cada vez menos de su trabajo y sentirse cada vez menos comprometido con este
  • Sentirse cansado, deprimido e intranquilo
  • Tener dificultades para dormir
  • Sufrir problemas físicos tales como: cardiopatías, trastornos digestivos, aumento de la tensión arterial, headache, trastornos músculo-esqueléticos (como lumbalgias y trastornos de los miembros superiores), etc..

¿Cuales son sus consecuencias?

  • El estrés laboral puede afectar a las entidades del siguiente modo:
  • Aumento del ausentismo
  • Menor dedicación al trabajo
  • Aumento de la rotación del personal
  • Deterioro del rendimiento y la productividad
  • Aumento de las prácticas laborales poco seguras y de las tasas de accidentes
  • Aumento de las quejas de usuarios y clientes
  • Efectos negativos en el reclutamiento de personal
  • Aumento de los problemas legales ante las demandas presentadas y las acciones legales emprendidas por trabajadores que sufren estrés
  • Deterioro de la imagen institucional tanto entre sus empleados como de cara al exterior

Prevención del Estrés

La Prevención del estrés laboral puede centrarse en 3 pillars:

Prevención primaria, reducción del estrés a través de:

  • Ergonomía
  • Definición del puesto de trabajo y diseño ambiental
  • Perfeccionamiento de la organización y de la gestión

Prevención secundaria: reducción del estrés a través de:

  • Educación y capacitación de los trabajadores

Prevención terciaria: reducción de los efectos del estrés a través de:

  • Desarrollo de sistemas de gestión más sensibles y con mayor capacidad de respuesta, y mejora de la prestación de servicios de salud ocupacional.

Para ser un empleador y un director eficaz hay que tomar la iniciativa en la gestión del estrés laboral

Para mayor información sugerimos consultar la guía “La Organización del Estrés y el Trabajo” publicada por la OMS: www.who.int/occupational_health/publications/pwh3sp.pdf

Dr. Christian Leiva

Medical Director

La Posada del Qenti

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The obesity, You can lead to cancer?

The obesity, You can lead to cancer?

Existe una relación entre la obesity y los riesgos de contraer cancer en algunos órganos de nuestro cuerpo, this occurs through hormonal changes (especially in women) y el tejido adiposo ya que si este aumenta es considerado como tejido inflamatorio con la consecuencia de mutar, transformar o dañar células y otros tejidos. A través de una mala alimentación se produciría una resistencia a la insulina con cambios en el aparato digestivo también. De esta manera cánceres que son hereditarios, aunque la persona no los tenga como antecedentes heredo familiares, puede padecerlos si presenta obesidad.

According to WHO varios estudios han explorado por qué el sobrepeso o la obesidad pueden aumentar el riesgo y desarrollo del cáncer. Los posibles motivos por los que la obesidad está relacionada con el cáncer incluyen los siguientes:

  • Aumento de los niveles de insulina y del factor de crecimiento insulínico tipo 1, lo que puede contribuir para que algunos tipos de cáncer se produzcan.
  • Inflamación crónica de nivel bajo, la cual es más frecuente en las personas con obesidad y la cual se encuentra relacionada con un aumento en el riesgo de cáncer.
  • Cantidades más elevadas de estrógenos producidas por el tejido graso, lo que puede desencadenar el crecimiento de algunos tipos de cáncer, como el cáncer de mama o de endometrio.
  • Las células grasas también pueden afectar los procesos que regulan el crecimiento de las células cancerosas.

Los tipos de cáceres que más se asocian con la obesidad y sobrepeso son:

  • Ca. de esófago
  • Ca. de páncreas
  • Ca. de colon y recto
  • Ca. of Mother
  • Ca. de endometrio
  • Ca. de riñón
  • Ca. de tiroides
  • Ca. de vesícula biliar
  • Ca. de próstata
  • Ca. de ovarios
  • Ca. de hígado
  • Ca. de mieloma
  • Ca. de linfoma

La forma de tener menos índice de cáncer relacionados con la obesidad incluye lo siguiente:

  • Un cambio en el estilo de vida. Primero, cambie los comportamientos para reducir la cantidad de alimentos que come y aumentar la actividad física, antes de considerar cualquier otro tipo de tratamiento de pérdida de peso.
  • Apoyo para el cambio en la conducta. En el caso de muchas personas, tener sobrepeso u obesidad es más complejo que simplemente comer demasiado o hacer poca actividad física. Es importante recibir apoyo de un nutricionista o un médico especializado procuando se intenta bajar de peso, para ayudarlo a hacer cambios saludables en su estilo de vida y mantenerlos a lo largo del tiempo.
  • Drugs. Generalmente, los medicamentos para bajar de peso se recomiendan solo cuando una combinación de dieta, actividad física y cambios en la conducta no han funcionado. O bien, si tiene otras afecciones médicas graves causadas por la obesidad.
  • Cirugía. La cirugía para bajar de peso, o cirugía bariátrica, es un término para varios procedimientos que hacen que el estómago de una persona sea más chico. Esta puede ser una opción para las personas con un IMC de 40 o más. O bien, para aquellas personas que tienen un IMC de 35 o más que tienen otra afección médica grave relacionada con la obesidad.

El fin último de estas metodologías es lograr dentro de los cambios de hábitos, una pérdida del 7 to the 10% del peso corporal (en personas con sobrepeso u obesidad leve a moderada) y en caso de requerir una cirugía bariátrica, un adelgazamiento de 30% de la masa corporal conjuntamente acompañado por un cambio de estilo de vida.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo - MP. 24052

Médica especialista en síndrome metabólico

La Posada del Qenti

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I do not feel well… I feel depressed?

I do not feel well… I feel depressed?

Depression is specified in the DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) as one of the mood disorders. Indicators to see if the person is passing period of depression are:

  • Depressed mood, as indicated by the person himself or observation made by others (family, friends etc.)
  • Loss of interest or capacity for pleasure
  • Low self-esteem
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Loss or increased appetite
  • Insomnia or hipersonmia almost every day
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Decreased ability to concentrate or make decisions
  • recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation

If you meet at least 5 of these symptoms, intensity and for a period of at least 2 followed weeks, where every day these indicators are present, It is recommended to use a professional mental health. Cabe destacar que queda descartado el diagnostico de depresión si estos síntomas se deben a los efectos de una sustancia o si se deben a los efectos fisiológicos directos de una enfermedad medica.

How does depression appears?

The cause of depression is varied and depends on each particular case, each personal life experience. It is very important to know the psychopathological history in the family of the person concerned as it may contain a genetic factor. By thus may have a genetic cause, environmental, external or internal.

Psychosocial events play an important role in precipitating depression, since it can occur after severe psychosocial stress such as the death of a loved one, a divorce and different situations that are stressful for the person, feeling the situation impacts heavily on its inner and outer world. It is clear that this impact varies from person to person, considering internal and external resources that account each.

This disorder can start at any age, but statistics show that the average age of onset is from the 3rd decade of life.

How does the depressed mood health?

Depression strong impact on physical health, You may be associated with chronic medical diseases, including cancer, ya que el sistema inmunológico se deprime generando consecuencias fisiológicas. It destabilizes the whole organism, the person does not rest as it should, nor properly fed and healthy, inter, which directly affects your health.

People who have depressive disorder have more pain, more physical illnesses and poor social physical activity and staff

Recommendations

The first and indispensable recommendation for a person suffering from depression is to consult a mental health professional (Psychologist or psychiatrist). This is essential to foster recovery.

There is no single way, or a general formula for treating depression, It depends on the patient, your family history, diagnosis and prognosis. Each case is unique and therefore each treatment so is.

Existen casos que con intervenciones psicoterapéuticas pueden salir adelante y también existen quienes requieren de una valoración psiquiátrica, since depression may be due to the little segregation of some chemical component.

An important factor to consider is what usually usually do family and friends of the person who is depressed, they ask to get out of that state, for example: "come on"," I left", "Amused", "Laugh", "Do things". A person who is really depressed has no energy, las ganas y la fortaleza para hacer esto, then only we managed to feel required by their environment, little understood in your state and frustrated for failing to meet other time or what others want it. De ninguna manera hay que dejar sola a la persona y no animarla, simplemente tener en cuenta que esto se hace de a poco respetando el ritmo del paciente, little by little we ask you to leave, slowly you enjoy such activity, slowly, your time and your pace are proposed activities with more people (dinners with friends, social events) etc.. This is achieved by generating empathy with the person.

Is indispensable consultation with the mental health professional, to others which will guide the patient's family in their actions.

 

Lic. Yanina Silvestri

Psychologist, MP: 7614

La Posada del Qenti

Melatonin, the owner of Sleep.

Melatonin, the owner of Sleep.

Melatonin is a hormone that regulates the biological clock of our body, about it the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the brain, rx It is synthesized in the pineal gland to a cyclical rhythm and then is distributed by the blood in small proportions. Melatonin informs the body of circadian phase, prostate namely, the pace followed by the day to regulate the body it: circadian rhythm is acquired within three months of baby's life.

Then enter the first year of life and 3 years when the highest levels of melatonin are achieved, then production decreases with age, in the elderly (elderly) Melatonin levels are much lower than the levels of young people who can have levels 12 times. In the case of the elderly, during the day they can not have enough melatonin rise.

Properties of melatonin

Among the properties of melatonin, the most studied is the influence on sleep - wake rhythm which is closely related to circadian rhythms. By this faculty, It is suitable for treating sleep disorders substance to rediscover the balance.

It is also indicated to relieve symptoms of jet lag or facilitate sleep to people who have changes in working hours or those who directly work on the night shift constantly and prolonged in time. In this manner, if melatonin is consumed (there are pills) at the right time, It recovers faster the sleep-wake rhythm that has been altered, either by circumstances that are.

They have not yet been able to show their properties to "prolong life", but if it is proven that melatonin influences positively on the quality of life of older people. This theory is supported by the fact that a good feeding accompanied high concentrations of melatonin elderly improves general well being and lead to a decrease of diseases associated with age.

What it does and how it works

Melatonin is a hormone that is naturally in our body, but in addition it can also be made in the lab and thus use as a medicament in tablet form. We can say that this hormone our body is "set". Thus people suffering from insomnia for example and are not able to regulate their sleep with melatonin your body produces, They can take pills. It also serves for example for the "jet lag" when we travel, for sleep disorders if we changed work shift or blind people so they can establish a cycle of day and another night.

Helping sleep

If you've been thinking of taking melatonin, You keep in mind that you should only take it for a period of time, which it is usually three months to solve a specific problem. If your lack of sleep is not a blip, melatonin is not, precisely, the drug or product that will suit you best. Let's see what are some of the most natural and effective to reconcile alternatives sleep well without having to take medications or supplements:

  • Do not sleep during the day. Although it may seem silly, there are many people who have the habit of napping and this may be causing us to have insomnia at night. No matter if you've done all my life and now you have insomnia that had not previously, keep in mind that our body is changing and that, thus, Now nap you may not sit well as before.
  • Exercise and ends with a sedentary lifestyle. A good way to end insomnia is exercising, either go for a walk for a while, or go to the pool, go for a run, etc.. What we must do is get tired our body so that it can recover at night by sleep, what people with insomnia most crave.
  • Meditation and yoga. Do meditation and yoga are also some alternatives you can consider if you have problems when sleep. Meditation and yoga consist make our body to eliminate the stress that has accumulated in it all day, so that it is ready for bed. It is important that perronas who want to improve this situation through yoga, They are put in the hands of a specialist to teach them how to get started in this world.
  • Follow a routine. Besides everything, is important that we routines every day when we go to bed and end our day. As babies are given a daily routine to get used to sleeping patterns, adults must do the same if we have problems in falling asleep. Thus, we establish what we will do between 7 afternoon, for example, and 10 at night, time that we go to bed. Dine, ducharnos, move, Watch tv, etc.. Everything must have a time and every day we do the same routine.
  • No video games, TV and cellular. Note that video games, as well as games that have shaped the mobile app affect your central nervous system. Thereby, It will be much more complicated if you've been asleep watching a movie, playing console or playing with mobile.

Foods rich in melatonin

Melatonin can find it in our body but also some foods that have tryptophan, the acid actually synthesizes melatonin, They may be rich in hormone. Foods rich in melatonin we can mention:

  • Meat products, as meat (especially chicken and turkey), milk and milk products (cheese, yogurt, Custard, etc.)
  • Plant foods, like algae and cereals and within these they would be: the corn, the oats, rice, wheat or barley.
  • Seeds, the dried seeds of some fruits and vegetables like watermelon seeds, or pumpkin seeds.
  • Nuts, Nuts are rich in melatonin fruits: as apples, grenades, cherries or bananas. Vegetables: onions are especially rich in melatonin and tomatoes.

 

10 Tips to control our metabolism

10 Tips to control our metabolism

It is important to know our metabolism and know that it can change throughout our lives by different factors. Muchas enfermedades encuentran su origen en una alteración del ciclo metabólico y en ello radica la importancia de lograr un correcto cuidado de nuestros hábitos de vida cotidianos, ya que la prevención de una enfermedad metabólica depende en gran medida del control periódico de las siguientes pautas:

metabolism image

  1. Blood pressure: It should be checked sporadically, isolation, with some event or relevant clinical symptoms.
  2. The blood glucose: It should be checked every 6 months, if family heritage Diabetes, or insulin resistance, if we are diabetic daily with a Hemoglucotest, according to medical indication. Sino cada 12 months for checkup.
  3. Blood Uric Acid: It should be controlled according to medical indication annual checkup or each 6 months if we are in treatment for hyperuricemia.
  4. Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides: They are checked every 6 the 12 months, according to medical indication, or established treatment, to check evolution.
  5. Haemoglobin in the blood: each 4 meses si estamos en tratamiento para Resistencia a la Insulina, according to medical indication, or the annual checkup
  6. The Insulinemia and H.O.M.A. blood: It should be checked every 4 a 8 months according to medical indication, to control evolution of treatment if we are, but in the annual checkup.
  7. Renal function: It should be checked every 12 months, the annual checkup or as medically indicated.
  8. The hormones: They are checked every 12 months, o según indicación médica, if we are in hormonal treatment.
  9. Body Weight: It should be checked every 15 days, si estamos en plan de adelgazamiento con Nutricionista de ser posible. Sino con una vez al mes sería suficiente, to notice changes in it.
  10. Waist circumference: Debe medirse cada 15 days, if we are with a treatment plan, but in the annual checkup, with nutritionist if possible.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo - MP. 24052

Specialist metabolic syndrome

La Posada del Qenti

Holidays that do well

Holidays that do well

The continuous effort we make every day to achieve "live" and enjoy, In most cases, It causes the body to go striking down systematically, day after day. Long working hours coupled with the daily stress and poor eating and exercise habits are, often, conscious practices and necessarily required to complete all the obligations we have.

So, slowly, real life is losing its sense. Moments of pure enjoyment and dedicated with family and friends, contact with nature, practicing good habits and leisure they are relegated on our agenda, but not disappear from our desire. That is why when you get the holiday season we are dedicated to analyze in detail each proposal, as soon, we rest the neglected body. But actually, Do we consider what we need?

In most surveys are asked to tourists if traveling for leisure, for work, for health ... or what places prefer, if the mountain or sea, or if traveling alone or accompanied ... But they do not ask what your real expectation, or what need seeks to satisfy. When choosing a destination must take into account the above, basically we really need to know. Break? Does knowing new places? Eat and drink? Sleep?.

Probably all options look interesting, however it should do a much more thorough analysis of the holiday and its true purpose. That's what they suggest you each make two simple questions; How I am today? How I want to be after the holidays?.

So, we will have a much more precise about the destination and the type of activity that require long-awaited idea to our holiday. It is obvious, we all want to be better. For that reason it is vital to choose vacation to do well physically and emotionally; with future plans for that purpose and really the goal is achieved activities sought.

If you want to enjoy holidays that do well, we invite you to discover our Posada and add life to your holiday.

Miguel C. Cane

General Manager

La Posada del Qenti