Una buena salud intestinal previene la obesidad  y la diabetes.

Una buena salud intestinal previene la obesidad y la diabetes.

Nuestro intestino esta poblado de una gran cantidad de bacterias de varias especies entre ellas levaduras, virus y fagos , formando diferentes grupos que entran en la microbiota intestinal (MI) denominados firmicutes, bacteroidetes y antinobacterias ocupando así principalmente la parte terminal del colon.

La MI forma con su huésped humano una estrecha simbiosis que es producto de cientos de miles de años de evolución conjunta: ella ejerce funciones metabólicas, nutricionales y de defensa que son indispensables al ser humano mientras que este le entrega nutrientes y condiciones adecuadas para su desarrollo. A pesar de que la composición bacteriana de la MI varia de un sujeto sano a otro.

Esta microbiota intestinal actúa profundamente en la función de la barrera del intestino como defensa del organismo, los procesos de digestión /absorción de nutrientes, y degradación de proteínas y lípidos de la célula del intestinos. Debido a su impacto fisiológico sobre el resto del cuerpo humano, la MI es actualmente reconocida como un órgano más del superorganismo humano y, como muchos otros órganos, puede ser trasplantada de un individuo a otro.

El equilibrio de este ecosistema digestivo depende de tres componentes: el tipo de miorganismos, permeabilidad del intestino e inmunidad local. Y si algo lo afecta repercute sobre todo el cuerpo.

. Un gran número de enfermedades del sistema digestivo (diarrea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome), immune (alergia, diabetes de tipo 1, esclerosis múltiple), del sistema nervioso central (autism, esquizofrenia) o metabólicas (obesidad y diabetes 2 ) están asociadas con alteraciones de la MI, de la función intestinal de barrera y de inmunidad local digestiva, El concepto de prebiótico y probiótico ha sido desarrollado en el marco de la MI; ambos compuestos pueden ser considerados como herramientas nutricionales de interés para restablecer el equilibrio de la MI en los individuos cuya enfermedad está asociada. Los resultados de estudios sugieren que la incorporación de prebióticos a la dieta y alimentos fermentados puede ser una estrategia interesante para controlar el apetito mediante la modulación de la MI.

En termino general la MI de los sujetos obesos presenta una menor biodiversidad que la de los sujetos normopeso. Aquellos individuos con menor biodiversidad tienden a presentar mayor adiposidad, resistencia insulínica, dislipidemia y un fenotipo inflamatorio más pronunciado comparado con aquellos con alta biodiversidad.

Algunos autores han propuesto que la presencia en la MI de concentraciones altas de Staphylococcus aureus y bajas de Bifidobacterium spp. En la infancia podría predecir la futura aparición de sobrepeso u obesidad.

Los alimentos que favorecen el desarrollo intestinal de estas enterobacterias son los que se encuentran en estado de fermentación, los alimentos industrializados como lácteos bio tales como:

  • Yogur
  • Leches fermentadas
  • Queso bio
  • Tempeh ( soy )
  • Miso soja y semillas
  • Chucrut
  • Kéfir
  • Kimchi
  • Cebolla,
  • Olives

La incidencia de diabetes en sujetos libres de gérmenes, es más elevada. Las tazas de diabetes mellitus 1 son más altas en países con estrictas normas de higienes donde se evita el desarrollo de gérmenes naturalmente.

La inflamación es una característica de la obesidad y diabetes 2 y la microbiota impacta directamente en las vías metabólicas claves para el equilibrio energético e inflamatorio. The 70 % de las células inmunes están en el tracto digestivo, si mantenemos una armonía entre microbiota, barrera intestinal y sistema inmunes, evitamos la presencia de enfermedad.

El siguiente cuadro representa la interrelación de nuestra microbiota bacteriana y las diferentes patologías:

Durante los últimos diez años la caracterización y el conocimiento de la MI del ser humano han progresado en forma considerable. Now, la MI es considerada como un actor importante en la regulación del metabolismo energético del organismo, en particular a través del rescate colonico de energía a partir de la fibra dietética y de la regulación del almacenamiento de grasa por los adipocitos. La MI de los obesos y de los pacientes con DM2 está alterada, comparada con aquella de los individuos sanos, y sería más eficiente en la extracción de energía a partir de los alimentos. El aporte de grasa dietaría también altera la composición de la MI.

Lic. Sandra Villarreal – Mp 1138

Area of ​​nutrition

La Posada del Qenti

Why quinoa is the perfect food for diabetics?

Why quinoa is the perfect food for diabetics?

Quinoa has recently gained popularity worldwide, and it has already made a name as one of the most nutritious foods that can be. Compared to other whole grains, quinoa has more protein, antioxidants, minerals and fiber. It is also free of gluten, which makes it the perfect food for people who are sensitive to gluten.

Experts say Whole grains reduce the risk of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure. Besides that, it has recently been discovered that quinoa is a great source of nutrition for people suffering from diabetes, and can be used as a way to maintain healthy levels of blood sugar.

What is quinoa?

While it may be a new food in supermarkets in your area, Quinoa has been one of the main foods in the diet of families in South America for centuries, from ancient times of the Incas.

Its origin is in the mountains of the Andes, so you can survive the toughest weather conditions. Quinoa is known as a whole grain, since the Incas knew her as "the mother of all grains", but it is actually a seed.

Nowadays, there are 120 known variations of this seed, but the most popular are the white quinoa, red and black, so you are more likely to see these three variations in your local store.

Investigating the benefits of quinoa is relatively new compared to other foods investigations, and only in the last 30 years experts have begun to identify and investigate health benefits that have this seed.

While still more research needed, now known to add quinoa to your diet can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It has also been shown that it can provide many benefits to people suffering from diabetes.

How quinoa can impact on levels of blood sugar?

One of the keys to healthy living with diabetes is to manage and control your diet. Quinoa is a great choice for people with diabetes because it is a whole grain, which it is one of the key components in healthy diabetic diet, In addition to fruits, vegetables, lean protein and unsaturated fats.

Foods that have high glycemic index raise your levels of blood sugar and can make it difficult to control. The quinoa, however, It has a low glycemic index, which means that will not cause your levels of blood sugar rise.

While most of the grains not have the necessary amino acids to form a protein, Quinoa is sufficient to be considered a complete protein. It is also a great source of fiber that does not impact on levels of blood sugar and help you maintain your body weight, thus preventing other conditions associated with chronic diabetes.

Easy ways to prepare quinoa

Quinoa is prepared in water and is similarly cooked rice. to prepare, using a cup quinoa uncooked and two cups of water in a pan and bring to a boil. Once the water is boiling, It reduces the intensity of the fire and allowed to simmer until most of the water has been absorbed. In most cases, it takes 15 a 20 minutes.

Quinoa also be used as a healthy additive other dishes. As rice, you can add in soups or stews to give the dish an extra delicious and healthy twist.

With all the benefits that have been discovered quinoa, we wonder why people still use rice. For diabetics, It is the perfect grist for a healthy diet. Incorporating this small seed in your diet, will help you control your blood sugar levels in the blood while maintaining a healthy weight to prevent secondary problems caused by diabetes.

 

About the Author: Edith Gomez is editor-in Gananci, passionate about digital marketing, specializing in online communication. He refuses to go to bed every night without having learned something new. Is concerned about business ideas and, even more, provide a creative look to the small world in which we live. Twitter: @edigomben
DIABETES: How does it affect our emotions?

DIABETES: How does it affect our emotions?

Diabetes and stress

Stress is the feeling of tension or fatigue you experience by too much physical or mental pressure. The stress of daily life, combined with the management of diabetes every day, it can affect your mood and emotions so your blood sugar levels can be altered, which in turn can lead to changes in the patterns of your medication. You may feel:

  • Furious at having diabetes.
  • Frustrated by having to change your life because of diabetes.
  • Fearful of not being able to load.
  • Concerned about the complications of diabetes.

Changes in glucose levels in the blood can also cause stress. A low level of glucose can cause feel irritable or nervous. A high level can make you feel tired or depressed

Stress management

You can not totally escape the stress in life, but you can learn to handle it, it is often easier to cope with stress if your glucose levels in the blood are controlled. Talking with family, close friends or a diabetes support group about stress in your life can also help. Other ways to manage stress include:

  • Getting enough sleep.
  • Eating healthy food.
  • Exercising regularly or be more active.
  • Watching movies or listening to music.
  • Read a book.
  • Search for a hobby.
  • Visit friends.

Laughter is a great remedy against stress. A good sense of humor will lift your spirits and make stress manageable.

Depression and diabetes

The relationship between diabetes and depression is unclear. However, more people with diabetes suffer from depression than those without diabetes. Depression does not mean feeling blue or depressed from time to time; It means feeling immensely sad or lose interest in almost anything for weeks or months. Other signs of depression include:

  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Not being able to concentrate.
  • Eating too much or too little.

If you have any of these signs for more than a few weeks, consult your doctor. If your depression has no physical cause, it may refer to a mental health professional. Depression can often be alleviated with advice, drugs or both.

Diabetes at work

Discuss with your doctor the type of work you do or if you plan to change jobs. It may be necessary to incorporate some changes in your treatment plan for diabetes. Be sure to tell your doctor if:

  • Work driving or handling dangerous equipment
  • Working in rotating shifts
  • It has a stressful job

You should be able to perform almost any job with diabetes. But you may need to change your meal plan if you have a night job or an itinerary that varies. You also may need to adjust the dose of your diabetes medicine and exercise plan according to their use.

Always have a snack at work fast acting carbohydrate in case you have an episode of low blood sugar as this can cause fainting.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo, Lic. Sandra Villarreal and physical education equipment.

Clinic

Put the Qenti

Ask our experts

[fc id=’32align=’center’][/fc]

Diabetes: What is hyperglycemia?

Diabetes: What is hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia is the medical term used to define a high level of blood glucose. This occurs when your blood sugar rises above its ideal average level

Any of the following factors or a combination of these can cause high blood sugar:

  • Lower production of insulin in your body due to the progression of diabetes.
  • Lost or forget to take medication or placed (insulin or pills) Diabetes.
  • Eating too many carbohydrates and no physical activity after.
  • Not having good eating habits.
  • Excess consumption of sweet drinks and baked goods nonintegral
  • Getting little exercise.
  • Ingesting drugs that may raise blood sugar.
  • Developing an infection or illness.

Warning symptoms of hyperglycemia

The way that each individual experiences hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) It is personal but signs and symptoms are identified in common:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased frequency and volume of urine
  • Tiredness / fatigue
  • Dry Skin, itch
  • Headaches or headaches
  • Poor wound healing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fainting / diabetic coma (If high blood sugar is ignored for an extended period of time)

Precautions and warning signs

One or more of these symptoms can alert you before you have hyperglycemia.

These symptoms can be very faint and be aggravated or caused by other reasons.

Sometimes some people are tempted to ignore the warning signs which is dangerous.

The best way to know if your blood sugar is within proper heat is controlling blood glucose regularly.

You should consult your physician diabetologist if:

  • It has three or four consecutive events of high blood sugar.
  • Experience more than three times higher sugar levels in urine.
  • Records two or more high blood sugar readings over a period of 24 hours self-monitoring.
  • Recorded a high level of sugar at the same time for several days.
  • Measuring levels of blood sugar are higher than those indicated by your physician
  • Optimal fasting glucose level is less than 100 mg / dl, normal considering up 110 mg / dL and post intakes variations and post physical activity.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo, Lic. Sandra Villarreal and physical education equipment.

Clinic

Put the Qenti

Ask our experts

[fc id=’32align=’center’][/fc]

What is insulin resistance?

What is insulin resistance?

In our body, glucose levels stimulate the pancreas to release a hormone called insulin. This sends signals to liver cells, muscle and adipose tissue, are receptive of glucose for energy production. Insulin resistance may be a genetic condition or acquired, which results in an abnormality in the uptake, metabolism or storage of glucose.

Obesity-in-isnulino-resistance

Some of the factors that favor its appearance are generated weight gain, and especially abdominal circumference, sedentary lifestyle and increased blood pressure. Furthermore the alteration lipidia, (accumulation of free fatty acids in liver, which blocks the arrival of the insulin that reaches it from the pancreas). Changes in blood lipids ("fats" blood), change in the size of fat cells (decreasing action impolicy), etc..

These factors will generate insulin resistance, then the cells do not incorporate glucose and this begins to accumulate in the bloodstream; It is generating an exaggerated insulin secretion by the pancreas (hyper-insulinismo), unable to use.

On the other hand our cells can not get glucose then do not feed, we are more tired and also with an increased appetite. Throughout this hyperglycemia leads to a failure of the pancreatic beta islets cover insulin requirements in the various tissues which can result in some patients in a Diabetes type 2.

How do I protect myself?

There are 3 key points to control insulin resistance:

  • Physical activity. It is far greater potential to reduce insulin resistance. To this should be regular and scheduled, according to the needs of the person.
  • The balanced diet. A good combination of carbohydrates, stands and proteins, It reduces the requirement in insulin secretion.
  • weight down. It increases the effectiveness of peripheral insulin.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo - MP. 24052

Specialist metabolic syndrome

La Posada del Qenti

Ask our experts

[fc id=’32align=’center’][/fc]

Diabetes; disease progresses

Diabetes; disease progresses

Diabetes is a disease characterized by poor utilization of glucose by the body. The malfunctioning of the pancreas or insufficient insulin activity are responsible for diabetes. That prevents tissues capture and use glucose (which is vital for all body functions), mind hence its accumulation in the blood (hyperglycemia). The danger is that hyperglycemia, find after a time, buy impaired blood vessels, the heart and body tissues, in particular the eyes, kidneys and nerves. (more…)