I do not feel well… I feel depressed?

I do not feel well… I feel depressed?

Depression is specified in the DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) as one of the mood disorders. Indicators to see if the person is passing period of depression are:

  • Depressed mood, as indicated by the person himself or observation made by others (family, friends etc.)
  • Loss of interest or capacity for pleasure
  • Low self-esteem
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Loss or increased appetite
  • Insomnia or hipersonmia almost every day
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Decreased ability to concentrate or make decisions
  • recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation

If you meet at least 5 of these symptoms, intensity and for a period of at least 2 followed weeks, where every day these indicators are present, It is recommended to use a professional mental health. Cabe destacar que queda descartado el diagnostico de depresión si estos síntomas se deben a los efectos de una sustancia o si se deben a los efectos fisiológicos directos de una enfermedad medica.

How does depression appears?

The cause of depression is varied and depends on each particular case, each personal life experience. It is very important to know the psychopathological history in the family of the person concerned as it may contain a genetic factor. By thus may have a genetic cause, environmental, external or internal.

Psychosocial events play an important role in precipitating depression, since it can occur after severe psychosocial stress such as the death of a loved one, a divorce and different situations that are stressful for the person, feeling the situation impacts heavily on its inner and outer world. It is clear that this impact varies from person to person, considering internal and external resources that account each.

This disorder can start at any age, but statistics show that the average age of onset is from the 3rd decade of life.

How does the depressed mood health?

Depression strong impact on physical health, You may be associated with chronic medical diseases, including cancer, ya que el sistema inmunológico se deprime generando consecuencias fisiológicas. It destabilizes the whole organism, the person does not rest as it should, nor properly fed and healthy, inter, which directly affects your health.

People who have depressive disorder have more pain, more physical illnesses and poor social physical activity and staff

Recommendations

The first and indispensable recommendation for a person suffering from depression is to consult a mental health professional (Psychologist or psychiatrist). This is essential to foster recovery.

There is no single way, or a general formula for treating depression, It depends on the patient, your family history, diagnosis and prognosis. Each case is unique and therefore each treatment so is.

Existen casos que con intervenciones psicoterapéuticas pueden salir adelante y también existen quienes requieren de una valoración psiquiátrica, since depression may be due to the little segregation of some chemical component.

An important factor to consider is what usually usually do family and friends of the person who is depressed, they ask to get out of that state, for example: "come on"," I left", "Amused", "Laugh", "Do things". A person who is really depressed has no energy, las ganas y la fortaleza para hacer esto, then only we managed to feel required by their environment, little understood in your state and frustrated for failing to meet other time or what others want it. De ninguna manera hay que dejar sola a la persona y no animarla, simplemente tener en cuenta que esto se hace de a poco respetando el ritmo del paciente, little by little we ask you to leave, slowly you enjoy such activity, slowly, your time and your pace are proposed activities with more people (dinners with friends, social events) etc.. This is achieved by generating empathy with the person.

Is indispensable consultation with the mental health professional, to others which will guide the patient's family in their actions.

 

Lic. Yanina Silvestri

Psychologist, MP: 7614

La Posada del Qenti

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What it is cholesterol and how it affects your health

What it is cholesterol and how it affects your health

Cholesterol is a fatty substance (lipid) essential for life, since it is part of every cell in our body. Most cholesterol is produced in the liver (75%) and the rest (25%) It is obtained from food. When cholesterol in the blood rises too (hypercholesterolemia) it is bad for your health.

Is there a good and a bad cholesterol?

All cholesterol is transported in the blood by different particles (lipoproteins), There are different types, but the best known are the LDL and HDL. Las LDL (low density lipoproteins) They are responsible for transporting cholesterol from the liver to all body cells. Cholesterol bound thereto is called bad cholesterol because when low density is deposited on the walls of arteries and form the atheromatous plaques that clog gradually. HDL lipoproteins (high density lipoproteins) collect unused cholesterol in tissues and back to the liver for storage or disposal. Cholesterol attached thereto is called good cholesterol.

What is the cause of excess cholesterol in the blood?

Cholesterol disorders may be genetic or secondary origin to foods, sedentary lifestyle, alcoholism or some diseases such as hypothyroidism, Type II diabetes, obesity, anorexia nervosa etc., and treatment with some drugs.

What are the symptoms excess cholesterol in the blood?

Too much cholesterol can be deposited in the arteries that supply the heart (coronary), brain (carotids, spinal and brain) and in the lower extremities (iliac and femoral).

Will initially deposit of cholesterol in the arteries produces no symptoms, but with the passage of time may reduce the arterial lumen, decreasing blood flow that reaches the tissues. This can have serious consequences such as angina or myocardial infarction, a stroke and peripheral arterial disease of the lower limbs. Depending on the artery clogging.

How do I treat excess cholesterol?

Consultation with a nutritionist, avoiding overweight, increasing physical activity and if required besides the doctor will give lipid-lowering drugs (lipid lowering) to control total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL (slightly) and to increase HDL (good).

Because cholesterol is distributed in foods

Day by day we find doubts of not knowing where the enemy lurking cholesterol and often is not clear how food is present.

In principle it is important to know that esxiten 2 types of fats and saturated fats Unsaturated. saturated solid fats are naturally occurring, these are found in meats yellow, like chicken skin, cold cuts, sausage, chacinados (chorizo, salami, bologna), as viandada preserved meat or minced, Whole milk, cream, ice creams based, chocolates and bread based shortenings. These fats listed above are of animal origin and negatively affect the body bringing it to a hypercholesterolemia.

The Unsaturated fats non-animal origin are divided into 2 groups; monounsaturated fats that favor the reduction of cholesterol and are found in foods such as olive oil, canola oil and nuts (nuts, almonds, pistachios, etc.). They are also poly unsaturated fats also favor reducing cholesterol and s eùeden econtrar in fish oils, sunflower and soybean.

On the other hand we have the Trans fat, it is clear from the 2 previous groups, these being vegetable oils such as soybean or sunflower that have been modified in their molecular structure by a hydrogenation process, obtaining the famous fat margarines which are widely used in confectionery and bakery products or frying, these fats favor the development of cholesterol “slightly” (LDL) and they are so present in our daily meals.

It is known that fiber intake (in fruits, vegetables, grains, vegetables, etc.) attenuates the increase in blood glucose after meals when carbohydrates are consumed (starches), but we also consume this type of fiber before meals with saturated fats present as they produce drag effect in the intestinal lumen decreasing absorption thereof. With these contributions hopefully contribute to the formation of our daily dish.

Pull. Gabriela Tórtolo and Lic. Sandra Villarreal

Clinic

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