Depression is specified in the DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) as one of the mood disorders. Indicators to see if the person is passing period of depression are:
- Depressed mood, as indicated by the person himself or observation made by others (family, friends etc.)
- Loss of interest or capacity for pleasure
- Low self-esteem
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Loss or increased appetite
- Insomnia or hipersonmia almost every day
- Psychomotor agitation or retardation
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
- Decreased ability to concentrate or make decisions
- recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation
If you meet at least 5 of these symptoms, intensity and for a period of at least 2 followed weeks, where every day these indicators are present, It is recommended to use a professional mental health. Cabe destacar que queda descartado el diagnostico de depresión si estos síntomas se deben a los efectos de una sustancia o si se deben a los efectos fisiológicos directos de una enfermedad medica.
How does depression appears?
The cause of depression is varied and depends on each particular case, each personal life experience. It is very important to know the psychopathological history in the family of the person concerned as it may contain a genetic factor. By thus may have a genetic cause, environmental, external or internal.
Psychosocial events play an important role in precipitating depression, since it can occur after severe psychosocial stress such as the death of a loved one, a divorce and different situations that are stressful for the person, feeling the situation impacts heavily on its inner and outer world. It is clear that this impact varies from person to person, considering internal and external resources that account each.
This disorder can start at any age, but statistics show that the average age of onset is from the 3rd decade of life.
How does the depressed mood health?
Depression strong impact on physical health, You may be associated with chronic medical diseases, including cancer, ya que el sistema inmunológico se deprime generando consecuencias fisiológicas. It destabilizes the whole organism, the person does not rest as it should, nor properly fed and healthy, inter, which directly affects your health.
People who have depressive disorder have more pain, more physical illnesses and poor social physical activity and staff
The first and indispensable recommendation for a person suffering from depression is to consult a mental health professional (Psychologist or psychiatrist). This is essential to foster recovery.
There is no single way, or a general formula for treating depression, It depends on the patient, your family history, diagnosis and prognosis. Each case is unique and therefore each treatment so is.
Existen casos que con intervenciones psicoterapéuticas pueden salir adelante y también existen quienes requieren de una valoración psiquiátrica, since depression may be due to the little segregation of some chemical component.
An important factor to consider is what usually usually do family and friends of the person who is depressed, they ask to get out of that state, for example: "come on"," I left", "Amused", "Laugh", "Do things". A person who is really depressed has no energy, las ganas y la fortaleza para hacer esto, then only we managed to feel required by their environment, little understood in your state and frustrated for failing to meet other time or what others want it. De ninguna manera hay que dejar sola a la persona y no animarla, simplemente tener en cuenta que esto se hace de a poco respetando el ritmo del paciente, little by little we ask you to leave, slowly you enjoy such activity, slowly, your time and your pace are proposed activities with more people (dinners with friends, social events) etc.. This is achieved by generating empathy with the person.
Is indispensable consultation with the mental health professional, to others which will guide the patient's family in their actions.
Lic. Yanina Silvestri
Psychologist, MP: 7614
La Posada del Qenti