It is important to know our metabolism and know that it can change throughout our lives by different factors. Muchas enfermedades encuentran su origen en una alteración del ciclo metabólico y en ello radica la importancia de lograr un correcto cuidado de nuestros hábitos de vida cotidianos, ya que la prevención de una enfermedad metabólica depende en gran medida del control periódico de las siguientes pautas:
Blood pressure: It should be checked sporadically, isolation, with some event or relevant clinical symptoms.
The blood glucose: It should be checked every 6 months, if family heritage Diabetes, or insulin resistance, if we are diabetic daily with a Hemoglucotest, according to medical indication. Sino cada 12 months for checkup.
Blood Uric Acid: It should be controlled according to medical indication annual checkup or each 6 months if we are in treatment for hyperuricemia.
Total Cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides: They are checked every 6 the 12 months, according to medical indication, or established treatment, to check evolution.
Haemoglobin in the blood: each 4 meses si estamos en tratamiento para Resistencia a la Insulina, according to medical indication, or the annual checkup
The Insulinemia and H.O.M.A. blood: It should be checked every 4 a 8 months according to medical indication, to control evolution of treatment if we are, but in the annual checkup.
Renal function: It should be checked every 12 months, the annual checkup or as medically indicated.
The hormones: They are checked every 12 months, o según indicación médica, if we are in hormonal treatment.
Body Weight: It should be checked every 15 days, si estamos en plan de adelgazamiento con Nutricionista de ser posible. Sino con una vez al mes sería suficiente, to notice changes in it.
Waist circumference:Debe medirse cada 15 days, if we are with a treatment plan, but in the annual checkup, with nutritionist if possible.
In the history of mankind in different cultures obesity he was associated with physical attractiveness, strength and fertility. Is shown in the oldest art pieces where the obese figure was subject to bowing and cultural acceptance, (venus, buda, etc.). Subsequently where food was scarce obese was considered a symbol of wealth and social status, then it was more a sign of lust, appetite and immersion in the realm of the erotic.
It has also been seen as a symbol within a system of prestige. The kind of food, the amount and the way in which it is served are among the important criteria of social class. In modern times it has been considered typical of developed countries, economic welfare associated with allowing to eat in abundance.
But today we speak increasingly of obesity in poverty. Because of the poor quality of the diet that concentrates energy but nutrient poor foods healthy, vitamins and minerals, It ie excess heat that causes high proportion of fat, so there may be a hidden malnutrition obesity. Because of this obesity in poverty is characterized by short stature, underweight at birth or in infancy for having suffered intrauterine malnutrition. What affects the body and thus save more favor in adulthood have a high body weight.
Everything is also conditioned by the cooking methods used, the abundance of carbohydrates and fats. In the few fruits and vegetables, as well as complete proteins by poor intake of dairy and meat quality. And the lack of time or opportunities for physical and recreational activities are a perfect base for obese with a hidden malnutrition.
Ultimately obesity is no longer a question only the economic power of an increased consumption, but poverty is also a determining, with many differences, but equally affecting the body due to excess body fat present.
The World Health Organization, recommends consuming 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day. They come in different colors and each advertises different nutritional riches. Vitamins, minerals, fiber and phytochemicals in these foods are essential for the proper development and functioning of the body. Five reasons to eat five servings.
The Vitamin C present mainly in citrus fruits such as kiwis, orange, grapefruit, lemon and vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage; It has a high antioxidant power, It contributes to the absorption of iron from plant foods and helps prevent infection.
The orange carrot, squash and dark green spinach, chard and broccoli indicating amounts of beta-carotene, precursor de laVitamin A, essential for skin health, hair, teeth and eyes; si bien laVitamin Eestá presente, greater amount, in vegetable oils, We can also be found in foods such as avocado, broccoli and spinach; great ally of our skin as it helps to reduce the action caused by free radicals.
Regarding minerals stands potassium, mineral that helps regulate the water balance in the body and maintain blood pressure within normal values, It is found mainly in the banana, orange, kiwi, chicory, chard and melon. Also magnesium is an important mineral for energy use, and is found in green leafy vegetables.
Phytochemicals are abundant in fruits and vegetables, They have high antioxidant power and are responsible for the color of these foods.
Along with whole grains, these foods are those that have more fiber, nutrient essential for the proper functioning of the intestine. Consuming fiber in every meal, It helps reduce the absorption of glucose and serum cholesterol levels.
María Soledad Boca
Lic. Nutrition – M.P 1998
La Posada del Qenti
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