What is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by a permanent increase in sugar (glucose) blood above the normal value (blood sugar increase: hyperglycemia). To achieve adequate control of blood glucose levels (glycemia), more about People with diabetes need ongoing treatment and long-term.


There are in the world 170 million people affected by Diabetes, here podria to increase 360 million in the year 2030.

  • Person with diabetes… Basal glucose levels (Fasting venous blood) = Or > a 126 Mg / dl
  • People without diabetes…..Basal glucose levels: 75-100 mg / dl
  • People most at risk of developing diabetes………..Basal glucose levels: 100-125 mg / dl

Why diabetes occurs?

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose in the digestive. Glucose is absorbed into the blood, where the body's cells for energy use. Insulin is a substance produced in the pancreas (especially when we eat) and allows the sugar or glucose to enter cells.
Diabetes is caused by lack of insulin secretion by the pancreas and / or decreased effect, causing an increase in blood sugar levels.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

When glucose levels are too high, usually no symptoms, hence silent disease progression up 10-12 years old.

The very high levels of glucose (over 250 mg / dl) and the efforts of the body to remove excess sugar causes the characteristic symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes:

  • Striking increase in thirst (polydipsia), appetite (polyphagia) urination and removed throughout the day (polyuria).
  • Difficulty in wound healing.
  • Infections.
  • Tiring easily, yet intense physical work (asthenia).
  • Sexual dysfunction.

The longer it stays elevated blood glucose, greater the number of late complications affecting the eyes may appear, kidneys, and nerves. The symptoms and late complications can be avoided by proper treatment of diabetes!

The dangers of permanent hyperglycemia (poorly controlled diabetes):

It can affect: eye - Heart - kidneys - feet - Brain

Types of diabetes:

There are two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2 Most people with this disease have the type 2 and only one of each type possess ten 1

Diabetes 1

  • The pancreas of people with diabetes of this type do not produce their own insulin.
  • It usually begins in childhood, adolescence, although it can occur at any age.
  • These individuals require insulin to live. Usually presented in a
  • sharp: thirst, Increasing the amount of urine, fatigue, weight loss despite
  • eat a lot.

Diabetes 2

  • Represents the 90% Types of diabetes, and often after 30 years old.
  • Usually does not inconvenience the early.
  • They tend to be other cases in the family.
  • Is due to insufficient production of insulin and effectiveness.
  • It is often accompanied by increased blood pressure and cholesterol levels and obesity
  • (especially abdominal).

Gestational Diabetes

  • Onset diabetes in pregnancy.

General strategies for treatment and prevention

For a person with diabetes is important:

  • Glycemic control (sugar level in the blood).
  • Weight control, balanced diet based on, varied and controlled consumption
  • carbohydrates, both in quantity and distribution. Increase intake
  • fruits and vegetables and reduced fat intake.
  • Control of blood pressure
  • Control fats, both blood (cholesterol and triglycerides), as in food.
  • No smoking.
  • Regular physical activity.

Currently diabetes type 1 can not effectively prevent.

To avoid the aforementioned complications appear is needed self-monitoring blood glucose.

Pillars of treatment:

Education - Balanced Power - Physical Activity

The Emerald Hummingbird Punilla Valley

The Emerald Hummingbird Punilla Valley

Qenti, prescription Qechua language (ancient language of the region who spoke Comechingones, viagra order language brought by the Incas of Peru to the region Alto), search means hummingbird, place little bird old.

In recognition of this particular bird has as much to do with the nature, balance, natural energy and aesthetics, christened in honor of our beloved Posada, Qenti named.
It's a tiny American bird that is characterized by the wonderful colors of its plumage, extraordinary and peculiar way of flying food habits. They do not sing but that buzz with wings, moving faster than any other bird, to the extent that costs distinguish when flying. This beautiful bird inhabits places abound honeysuckle and other similar plants, fed since the nectar and small insects found inside flowers.. As one goes to another plant also contributes to pollinate, as bees do.
The hummingbird can only eventually, perching on branches, and who are unable to walk or run on the ground. Build special silk weaving their nests with moss and lichen, assure and twigs, resistant cones and leaves, well above ground level.
The Qenti is a beautiful jewel, that nature gives us to see and savor , has a predominant emerald green plumage, is approximately 7 cm, with long, slightly curved beak down, on top black color predominates, at the bottom the red.
Its flight is joyous, accurate, vivacious, and causes admiration to all those who have the privilege of sharing their habitat even for a short time.
You can flap its wings 80 times per second. They have perfected their precision flying both to walk on the floor stopped being an alternative.
It is a perfect example of balance, if most could not maintain flight, if its size is less could not stay warm, it requires a lot of energy to keep up.